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Sega Genesis

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The Sega Genesis, known everywhere outside North America as the Sega Mega Drive, is a 16-bit, fourth-generation video game console created by the Sega company. It is the successor to the 8-bit Sega Master System, which came out in 1985 and sold poorly in North America and Japan (but well in Europe and Brazil). The Genesis came out in Japan in 1988, in North America in 1989, and in Europe and Brazil in 1990.

The Genesis's capabilities were amazing for its time; it was considered the first console really capable of providing faithful arcade ports playable at home. It featured a high-speed processor that allowed fast-moving, smooth gameplay. Numerous popular games were released for it, including the first of the acclaimed Sonic the Hedgehog games, a port of Mortal Kombat (complete with "hidden" gory fatalities), and Vectorman. It also featured functionality that allowed it to run old Sega Master System games with the use of an adapter. Its primary competitor console, Nintendo's Super NES, had a slower processor and lacked backward compatibility, but had the advantage of overall better graphics and sound. The Genesis allowed Sega to temporarily overtake Nintendo as the industry leader, at least in certain parts of the world, and today it is still considered Sega's most successful system.

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