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Late Archaic (from the Persian Conquest of Lydia, 546 BC)
                        540s Anaximander, On Nature [lost]
                        530s Anaximenes, [?] [lost]
                        520s Xenophanes, On Nature [?] [lost]
                        510s The Book of Job
                        500s Heraclitus, On the Muses [?] [lost]
                        490s Parmenides, [?]
                        480s Confucius, Analects

Early Classical (from the formation of the Delian League, 477 BC)
                        470s Alcmaeon, On Nature [lost]
                        460s Zeno of Elea [?] [lost]
                        450s Empedocles, On Nature [lost]
                        440s Anaxagoras, On Nature [lost]
                        430s Philolaus, On Nature [lost]
                        420s Mo Tzu, The Work of Mo Tzu
                        410s Democritus, On Different Shapes [lost]
                        400s Lao Tzu, The Way of the Tao

Late Classical (from the end of the Peloponnesian War, 404 BC)
                        390s Plato, Euthyphro
                        380s Plato, Meno
                        370s Plato, Republic
                        360s Plato, Theaetetus
                        350s Aristotle, Categories
                        340s Aristotle, Physics
                        330s Aristotle, On the Soul
                        320s Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics

End of the Hundred Schools of Thought (from the death of Alexander, 323 BC)
                        310s Mencius, The Work of Mencius
                        300s Kautilya, Science of Material Gain
                        290s Cleanthes, Hymn to Zeus
                        280s Badarayana, Brahma Sutra
                        270s Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus
                        260s Gongsun Long, The White Horse Discourse
                        250s Pseudo-Plato, Demodocus
                        240s Ecclesiastes
                        230s Han Fei, The Work of Han Fei

Middle Hellenistic (from the conquest of the Kingdom of Zhao, 228 BC)
                        220s Chrysippus, On the Growing Argument [lost]
                        210s Chrysippus, Logical Questions [lost]
                        200s Aksapada Gautama, Reasoning Sutra
                        190s Diogenes of Babylon, Handbook of Dialectic [lost]
                        180s Pseudo-Plato, Eryxias
                        170s Kanada, Particuralist Sutra
                        160s Pythagorean Notebooks
                        150s Cato the Elder, Song for the Dead [lost]
                        140s Clitomachus, On Withholding Assent [lost]
                        130s Members of the court of Liu An, The Work of Huainan
                        120s Pseudo-Plato, Axiochus
                        110s Posidonius, Ethics [lost]
                        100s Demetrius Lacon, On Signs
                        90s Aenesidemus, Pyrrhonian Arguments [lost]

Roman Golden Age (from the extension of Roman Citizenship to all of Italy, 90 BC)
                        80s Cicero, On Invention
                        70s Antiochus of Ascalon, On the Measure [lost]
                        60s Philodemus, On Poems
                        50s Lucretius, On the Nature of Things
                        40s Cicero, On Duties
                        30s Varro, Books of Ancient Things, Human and Divine [lost]
                        20s Horace, First Book of Epistles
                        10s Horace, The Poetic Art
                        0s BC Fabianus Papirius, Books on Natural Causes [lost]
                        0s AD Pseudo-Plato/Pseudo-Lucian, Halcyon

The Beginning of the Common Era (from the founding of the Zealots, 6 AD)
                        10s Philo of Alexandria, The Exposition of the Law
                        20s Philo of Alexandria, The Allegorical Commentary on Genesis
                        30s Pseudo-Longinus, On the Sublime
                        40s Seneca, On the Happy Life
                        50s Paul, Letters to the Romans
                        60s Seneca, Letters on Morals to Lucilius
                        70s The Gospel of Mark
                        80s Pseudo-Cebes of Thebes, Painting
                        90s Dio Chrysostom, Discourses

Second Sophistic (from the death of Domitian, 96 AD)
                        100s Epictetus, The Discourses
                        110s Nicomachus, Introduction to Arithmetic
                        120s Plutarch, Moralia
                        130s Epictetus, Handbook
                        140s Pseudo-Aristotle, On the World
                        150s Albinus, Introduction
                        160s Apuleius [?], On Interpretation
                        170s Marcus Aurelius, Meditations
                        180s Irenaeus, Against Heresies
                        190s Sextus Empiricus, Outlines of Pyrrhonism
                        200s Tertullian, Against Marcion
                        210s Alexander of Aphrodisias, Addendum to De Anima
                        220s Nagarjuna, Fundamental Verses of the Middle Way
                        230s Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists

Revival of Platonism (from the Year of Six Emperors, 238)

                        250s Origen, On First Principles
                        260s Plotinus, Enneads
                        270s Hermes Trismegistus, The Hermetic Corpus
                        280s Porphyry, Introduction to Aristotle’s Categories
                        290s Porphyry, Starting Points Leading to the Intelligibles
                        300s Porphyry, On Abstaining from Eating Food from Animals
                        310s Iamblichus, On Pythagoreanism
                        320s Iamblichus [?], On the Egyptian Mysteries

The Christianization of the Roman Empire (from the Council of Nicaea, 326)
                        330s Isvarakrishna, Enumeration Verses
                        340s Themistius, Commentary on de Anima
                        350s Marius Victorinus, Against Arius
                        360s Julian the Apostate, Hymn to the Sun
                        370s Gregory Nazianzen, Theological Orations
                        380s Augustine, On the Teacher
                        390s Augustine, Confessions
                        400s Macrobius, Saturnalia

The Fall of the Roman Empire (from Alaric’s sack of Rome, 410)
                        410s Augustine, The City of God
                        420s Martianus Capella, The Marriage of Philology and Mercury
                        430s Hierocles of Alexandria, Commentary on the Golden Song
                        440s Vatsyayana, Commentary on the Nyaya Sutra
                        450s Dignaga, Compendium of Valid Cognition
                        460s Proclus, Commentary on the First Book of Euclid’s Elements
                        470s Proclus, The Elements of Theology
                        480s Ammonius, Commentary on De Interpretatione
                        490s Pseudo-Dionysius, On the Divine Names
                        500s Aeneas of Gaza, Theophrastus, or, On the Immortality of the Soul and the Resurrection of the Body
                        510s Boethius, Commentary on Porphyry’s Isagoge
                        520s Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy

Early Byzantine Empire (from the closure of the Academy, 529)
                        530s Philoponus, Against Proclus on the Eternity of the World
                        540s Cassiodorus, On the Soul
                        550s Simplicius, Commentary on Epictetus’ Handbook
                        560s Peter the Patrician [?], On Political Science
                        570s Prasastapada, Compendium of the Nature of Fundamental Categories
                        580s Elias, Commentary on Aristotle’s Categories
                        590s Uddyotakara, Elucidation of Nyaya
                        600s David, Introduction to Philosophy
                        610s Stephanus of Alexandria, Commentary on de Interpretatione
                        620s Isadore of Seville, Etymologies
                        630s The Koran
                        640s Maximus the Confessor, Ambiguities in the Works of Gregory of Nazianzus

The Revival of Asian Philosophy (from the return of Xuanzang to China, 646)
                        650s Dharmakirti, The Seven Treatises on Valid Cognition
                        660s Uisang, Diagram of the Flower Garland, One Vehicle, Realm of Reality
670s Woncheuk, Commentary on Samdhinirmocana Sutra

                        690s Fazang, Treatise on the Five Teachings
                        700s Bede, On the Nature of Things

                        720s John Damascene, The Fountain of Wisdom

                        740s Sankara, Commentary on Brahma Sutras
                        750s Pseudo-Aristotle, The Secret of Secrets
                        760s Santaraksita, Autocommentary on the Ornament of the Middle Way
770s Jayarasi Bhatta, The Lion of Destruction of Categories

Carolingian Renaissance (from Charlemagne’s codification of the Papal States, 781)
                        780s Alcuin, Debate between the Very Wise King Charles and the Teacher Alcuin on Rhetoric and the Virtues
                        790s Candidus of Fulda, Sayings of Candidus on the Image of God
                        800s Fredegisus of Tours, Of Nothing and Darkness (pdf)
                        810s Nikephorus, Apology for the Catholic Church Concerning the Newly Arisen Schism in Regard to Sacred Images
                        820s Tsung-mi, The Origins of Humanity
                        830s Rhabanus Maurus, On the Education of Clergy
                        840s al-Kindi, On First Philosophy
                        850s Eriugena, On Predestination
                        860s Eriugena, The Divisions of Nature

Arab Golden Age (from the accession of Mutamid as Abbasid Caliph, 870)
                        870s al-Kindi, On the Unity of God and the Limitation of the Body of the World
                        880s Photius, Amphilochia
                        890s al-Razi, Spiritual Medicine
                        900s al-Farabi, The Book of Letters
                        910s al-Farabi, On the Opinions of the Citizens of the Virtuous City
                        920s Isaac Israeli, The Book on Spirit and Soul
                        930s Saadiah, Book of Doctrines and Beliefs
                        940s al-Farabi, The Epistle of the Intellect
                        950s Ibn Adi, Essay on Unity
                        960s al-Amiri, Deliverance of Mankind from the Problem of Predestination and Free Will

Early Fatimid Caliphate (from the founding of Cairo, 969)
                        970s al-Sijistani, On the Principles of Being
                        980s al-Sijistani, On the Perfection Peculiar to the Human Species
                        990s al-Tawhidi, Borrowed Lights
                        1000s Avicenna, Compendium of the Soul
                        1010s Abhinavagupta, Doctrine of Divine Recognition
                        1020s Avicenna, The Cure
                        1030s Avicenna, Pointers and Reminders
                        1040s Ibn Miskawayh, Cultivation of Morals
                        1050s Avicebron, The Source of Life

Romanesque (from the schism between Greek and Latin churches, 1054)
                        1060s Peter Damian, On Divine Omnipotence
                        1070s Anselm, Monologion
                        1080s Anselm, On Truth
                        1090s al-Ghazali, The Incoherence of the Philosophers (pdf)
                        1100s al-Ghazali, Deliverance from Error
                        1110s Avempace, The Conjunction of the Intellect with Human Beings
                        1120s Abelard, Dialectic
                        1130s Abelard, Ethics, or Know Yourself

Almohad Period (from the beginning of the Almohad conquest of Morocco, 1140)
                        1140s Halevi, Kuzari: In Defense of the Despised Faith
                        1150s Peter Lombard, Book of Sentences
                        1160s Ibn Tufayl, The Living Son of the Vigilant
                        1170s Averroes, The Incoherence of The Incoherence
                        1180s Averroes, The Decisive Treatise on the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy
                        1190s Maimonides, The Guide to the Perplexed
                        1200s Ibn Tibbon, Commentary on Ecclesiastes

Scholasticism (from the official recognition of the University of Paris, 1208)
                        1210s Grosseteste, On Light, or the Beginning of Forms
                        1220s Philip the Chancellor, Summary of the Good
                        1230s Ibn Arabi, The Meccan Openings
                        1240s Albert the Great, Commentary on the Sentences
                        1250s Bonaventure, Commentary on the Sentences
                        1260s Roger Bacon, The Major Work
                        1270s Thomas Aquinas, Summary of Theology
                        1280s Henry of Ghent, Quodlibetal Disputations
                        1290s Duns Scotus, Commentary on the Sentences
                        1300s Meister Eckhart, The Three-Part Work
                        1310s Dante, Monarchia
                        1320s Ockham, Summary of Logic (pdf)
                        1330s Burley, Exposition of Aristotle and Porphyry’s Old Art
                        1340s Buridan, Little Summaries on Dialectic

Early Renaissance (from the arrival of the Black Death in Florence, 1348)
                        1350s Oresme, Treatise on the Configuration of Qualities and Motions
                        1360s Petrarch, On his Own Ignorance and that of Many Others
                        1370s Ibn Khaldun, Introduction to the History of the World
                        1380s Catherine of Siena, Dialogue
                        1390s Blasius of Parma, Commentary on De Anima
                        1400s Christine de Pizan, Book of the City of the Ladies
                        1410s Crescas, The Light of the Lord
                        1420s Bruni, On Military Service
                        1430s Valla, On Pleasure 

High Renaissance (from the invention of the printing press, 1440)
                        1440s Nicolas of Cusa, Of Learned Ignorance
                        1450s George of Trebizond, Comparison of the Philosophers Aristotle and Plato
                        1460s Bessarion, Against the Slanderer of Plato
                        1470s Ficino, Platonic Theology on the Immortality of the Soul
                        1480s Pico, Oration on the Dignity of Man
                        1490s Delmedigo, An Examination of Religion
                        1500s Erasmus, In Praise of Folly
                        1510s Pomponazzi, Treatise on the Immortality of the Soul

Reformation (from the promulgation of the 95 Theses, 1517)
                        1520s Luther, The Bondage of the Will
                        1530s Machiavelli, Discourses on Livy
                        1540s Ramus, Divisions of Dialectic
                        1550s Castellio, On Heretics, Whether They Should be Persecuted
                        1560s Telesio, On the Nature of Things According to Their Own Principles
                        1570s Zabarella, Logical Works
                        1580s Montaigne, Essays
                        1590s Suarez, Metaphysical Disputations

Baroque (from Kepler's appointment as Imperial Mathematician, 1601)
                        1600s Francis Bacon, The Advancement of Learning
                        1610s Suarez, On Laws and God the Legislator
                        1620s Grotius, Of the Law of War and Peace
                        1630s Descartes, Discourse on the Method
                        1640s Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy
                        1650s Hobbes, Leviathan
                        1660s Pascal, Thoughts 
                        1670s Spinoza, Ethics
                        1680s Locke, Two Treatises of Government
                        1690s Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
                        1700s Leibniz, New Essays on Human Understanding
                        1710s Berkeley, Principles of Human Knowledge

Enlightenment (from the death of Louis XIV, 1715)
                        1720s Vico, The New Science
                        1730s Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature
                        1740s Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws
                        1750s Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
                        1760s Reid, An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense
                        1770s Herder, This Too a Philosophy of History for the Formation of Humanity
                        1780s Kant, The Critique of Pure Reason
                        1790s Kant, The Critique of Judgment

Romantic (from the execution of Condorcet, 1794)
                        1800s Hegel, Phenomenology of Spirit
                        1810s Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation
                        1820s Hegel, The Philosophy of Right (pdf)
                        1830s Bolzano, Wissenschaftslehre
                        1840s Kierkegaard, Concluding Unscientific Postscript
                        1850s Marx, Outlines of the Critique of Political Economy
                        1860s Mill, Considerations on Representative Government
                        1870s Nietzsche, The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music

Recent (from Edison’s demonstration of his light bulb, 1879)
                        1880s Frege, The Foundations of Arithmetic
                        1890s James, The Principles of Psychology
                        1900s Moore, Principia Ethica
                        1910s Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism
                        1920s Heidegger, Being and Time
                        1930s Carnap, The Logical Syntax of Language
                        1940s de Beauvoir, The Second Sex
                        1950s Wittgenstein, Philosophical Investigations
                        1960s Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
                        1970s Kripke, Naming and Necessity
                        1980s Parfit, Reasons and Persons