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**Some helpful conventions
and
constants (not inclusive list, consider these as examples only):**

Physiological saline = 0.9% NaCl = 0.9 gram NaCl/100 ml water

Total blood weight = 7.0 % of body weight (BW) (an overall average)

Density of blood (and water)= 1 kg/liter or 1 gram/ml (these values are rounded from real value of 1.05 kg/liter-for blood)

Normal PCV = 45 % (an overall average)

One gallon = 3.8 liters = 8.3 lbs. = 4 quarts (qts.) = 8 pints (pts.) = 16 cups = 128 fluid oz.

One meter = 39.37 inches = 10dm = 100 cm = 1000 mm

One pound = 454 grams = .454 kg = 16 oz.

One kg = 2.2 lbs. = 1,000 g = 1,000,000 mg = 1,000,000,000 ug = 1,000,000,000,000 ng

1 dl = 100 ml = 0.1 liters (l), 500 g = 0.5 kg, 1 ml = 1,000 ul, 1 ml = 1 cc1. A heifer (769 lb.) has lost 2.2 quarts of blood. What per cent of her total blood volume does this loss represent?

2. What is the total blood volume (ml) of a 9.6 lb. cat?

3. What is the total blood volume (pints) of a 2,421 lb. bull?

4. A dog (123 lb.) has lost 1.8 pints of blood. What per cent of its total blood volume does this loss represent?

5. What is the blood volume (liters) of a 550 lb. boar?

6. What is the blood volume (liters) of a 200 lb. deer?

7. If a ewe (BW = 210 lb) has lost 975 ml of blood, what per cent of her total blood volume is this?

8. Using the dilution principle, 0.6 g of a dye was injected into a pig's jugular vein. After equilibrium,a blood sample indicated a dye concentration = 0.048 mg/ml. What is the pig's total blood volume?

9. If a hog's total blood volume = 8,386 ml, what is its body weight (lb) ?

10. What is the total blood volume (liters) of a 1890 lb. bull?

11. What is the total blood volume (liters) of a 240 lb. deer?

12. If a dog (BW = 83 lb) has lost 1,111 ml of blood, what per cent of its total blood volume is this?

13. A 1,847 lb. bull has lost 4.14 gallons of blood. What per cent of his total blood volume is this?

14. 32% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 1.9 liters. Determine the body weight (lb) of the dog.

15. What is the body weight (lb) of a nanny goat that has a total blood volume of 3,569 ml?

16. How much urine (gallons) would Monique produce (153 lb) in one week [urine production rate = 2.21 ml/kg/hour]? [6.8 gal]

17. If 18 % of a cow's total blood volume = 5,386 ml, what is its body weight (lb) ?

18. How much urine (gallons) would 500 hogs (mean B.W.= 220 lb.) produce in 31 days [urine production rate = 15.5 ml/kg/day]?[6,322 gal]

19. How many pints of urine would Monique (153 lb) produce in 11 weeks [urine prod. rate = 0.95 ml/kg/hour]?

20. How much urine (quarts) would 800 hogs (mean B.W. = 240 lb.) produce in 10 days [urine production rate = 13.5 ml/kg/day]?

21. What is the blood volume (ml) of a 139 lb. ewe named Dolly?

22. A 1,159 lb. mare has lost 2.08 gallons of blood. What per cent of her total blood volume is this?

23. If a cat (B.W. = 17.9 lb) has lost 400 ml of blood, what per cent of its total blood volume is this?

24. If 68 % of a hog's total blood volume = 8,386 ml, what is its body weight (lb)?

25. How much urine (gallons) would 700 hogs (mean B.W. = 220 lb.) produce in 50 days [urine production rate = 15.5 ml/kg/day]?

26. How many gallons of urine would Monique (B.W. = 140 lb.) produce in one year [urine production rate = 1.5 ml/kg/hour]?

27. How many minutes would it take Monique (B.W. = 153 lb) to produce 1 gallon of urine [urine production rate = 1.38 ml/kg/hour]?[2,376 minutes]

28. A 1,647 lb. mare has lost 4.64 gallons of blood. What per cent of her total blood volume is this?

29. How many minutes would it take Monique (B.W. = 153 lb) to produce 50 gallons of urine [urine production rate = 0.89 ml/kg/hour]?

30. What is the body weight (lb) of a nanny goat that has a total blood volume of 5,569 ml?

31. How much urine (gallons) would Monique produce (153 lb) in one week [urine production rate = 2.01 ml/kg/hour]?

32. Determine the blood volume (ml) of a 350 lb. ram.

33. 42% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 1.9 liters. Determine the body weight (lb) of the dog.

34. Determine the volume (gallons) of urine produced by a 250 lb. ram in two weeks [urine production rate = 19 ml/kg/day].

35. If a horse has a total blood volume of 35,793 ml, what is its body weight (lbs.)?

36. 48% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 2.2 liters. Determine the body weight (lbs) of the dog.

37. A 1,847 lb. mare has lost 4.74 gallons of blood. What per cent of her total blood volume is this?

38. What is the body weight (lbs) of a nanny goat that has a total blood volume of 3,678 ml?

39. How many quarts of urine would Monique (153 lb) produce in 3.5 weeks [urine prod. rate = 1.68 ml/kg/hour]?

40. What is the blood volume (liters) of a 55 lb. calf?

41. A 1,847 lb. mare has lost 4.24 gallons of blood. What per cent of her total blood volume is this?

42. 32% of a barrow's blood volume is equal to 1.63 liters. Determine the body weight (lb) of the hog.

43. What is the body weight (lb) of a dog that has a total blood volume of 3,969 ml?

44. How much urine (quarts) would Monique produce (153 lb) in one week [urine production rate = 2.21 ml/kg/hour]?

45. How many quarts of urine would Monique (153 lb) produce in 8.5 weeks [urine prod. rate = 1.68 ml/kg/hour]?

46. If 44% of a cow's total blood volume = 20,666 ml, what is its body weight in pounds?

47. If a dog (B.W. = 128 lb) has lost 1,893 ml of blood, what per cent of its total blood volume is this?

48. How much urine (quarts) would 888 hogs (mean B.W. = 220 lb.) produce in 84 days [urine production rate = 15.5 ml/kg/day]?

49. Determine the volume (gallons) of urine produced by a 270 lb. ram in two weeks [urine production rate = 19 ml/kg/day].

50. Determine the blood volume (ml) of a 73 lb. dog.

51. If a horse has a total blood volume of 35,793 ml, what is its body weight (lbs.) ?

52. If a deer has a total blood volume of 8.5 liters, what is its body weight (lbs.) ?

53. 32% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 1.59 liters. Determine the body weight (lbs) of the dog.

54. Determine the volume (gallons) of urine produced by a 259 lb. ram in one week [urine production rate = 19 ml/kg/day].

55. How much time would it take a cow's heart to pump 25,000 gallons of blood (B.W. = 1,200 lbs.,Heart rate = 49 bpm,Stroke volume = 1.11 liters)?

56. Determine the blood volume (ml) of a 160 lb. dog.

57. If a horse has a total blood volume of 42,386 ml, what is its body weight (lbs.) ?

58. How much time (days) would it take a cow's heart to pump 1,000,000 gallons of blood (B.W. = 1,800 lbs., Heart rate = 39 bpm, Stroke volume = 0.995 liters)?

59. 28% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 1.6 liters. Determine the body weight (lbs) of the dog.

60. What is the body weight (lbs) of a nanny goat that has a total blood volume of 3,678 ml?

61. If a cow has a total blood volume of 45,386 ml, what is its body weight (lbs.)?

62. How much time (hours) would it take a dog's heart to pump 1,000 gallons of blood (B.W. = 140 lbs., Heart rate = 59 bpm, Stroke volume = 0.223 liters)?

63. Determine the body weight (pounds) of a horse which has a total blood glucose content of 40 grams [blood glucose = 60 mg/dl].

64. A 2,000 lb. bull is to be injected with drug "A" at a dosage rate of 1.25 mg/7.5 kg. Determine the number of cc you would inject into the bull if the bottle of drug "A" has a concentration of 40 mg/ml. [3.8 cc]

65. 37% of a dog's blood volume is equal to 1.6 liters. Determine the body weight (lbs) of the dog.

66. How much time would it take a cow's heart to pump 69,000 gallons of blood (B.W. = 1,200 lbs., Heart rate = 49 bpm, Stroke volume = 1.11 liters)?

67. Determine the body weight (lbs.) of a horse which has a total blood glucose content of 30 grams [blood glucose = 40 mg/dl].

68. A 2,300 lb. bull is to be injected with drug "A" at a dosage rate of 2.25 mg/7.5 kg. Determine the number of cc you would inject into the bull if the bottle of drug "A" has a concentration of 35 mg/ml. [9 cc]

69. What is the blood volume (dl) of a 459 lb. boar?

70. What is the blood volume (dl) of a 20 lb. tom cat?