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John Wycliffe (1330-1384)
Jan Hus (1369-1415)
Johann Gutenberg (c. 1398-1468)
Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536)
Thomas More (1478-1535)

Related Documents
(Brophy reader)

Baldesar Castiglione, from The Book of the Courtier

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, from "Oration on the Dignity of Man"

Niccolò Machievelli, from The Prince

Erasmus, from Ten Colloquies

Thomas More, from Utopia

Renaissance Humanism
History 104 / January 11, 2013

I. Italian humanism
      A. Civic pride
      B. Celebration of the human spirit
            1. The vogue for biography
            2. The market for well-rounded courtiers
      C. Recovering the classics
            1. The hunt for early manuscripts
            2. Philology: the birth of textual criticism
            3. Constantinople's loss = Italy's gain
II. Trends in Christianity in the late middle ages
      A. More intimate experiences sought
            1. Jesus as a suffering (not triumphant) savior
            2. Mary as a nurturing mother
      B. Demands for social justice and broader participation
            1. John Wycliffe and the Lollards
            2. Jan Hus burns at the stake
      C. Renaissance-era popes
III. Northern humanism: scholarship meets scripture
      A. The Gutenberg effect
            1. The explosion of printing
            2. The privatization of reading
      B. Erasmus criticizes superstitions
      C. Thomas More (1478-1535)
            1. Concern about social equality
            2. Concern about the coercive power of the state
            3. What's utopian about Utopia (1516)?