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French Revolution Timeline

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levée en masse

Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793)
Georges-Jacques Danton (1759-1794)
Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)

The Republic and the Reign of Terror, 1792-94
History 104 / February 13, 2013

I. Polarization between right and left
          A. Forces for radical change
                   1. The Jacobins
                   2. The sans-culottes
                   3. The press: The Friend of the People
          B. Counter-revolutionary forces
                   1. The nobility in exile
                   2. Remnants of the Catholic church
                   3. Certain regions of France
          C. Caught in between: moderate constitutionalists
II. Defending – and advancing – the Revolution
          A. Louis XVI’s fate as a catalyst for war
          B. Paranoia and radicalization in Paris
          C. Regicide and the Republic imperiled
          D. The Republic on the offensive in Europe
                   1. Mass conscription: the levée en masse
                   2. Conquests in Italy and Germany
III. Toward a “Republic of Virtue”
          A. Re-ordering time itself
                   1. The revolutionary calendar
                   2. Destroying the legacy of the monarchy
                   3. Churches as “temples of reason”
          B. Robespierre targets “counter-revolutionaries”
          C. Blood in the streets: the Reign of Terror (Aug. 1793-July 1794)
          D. Thermidor: the revolution comes full circle