Power Point
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Prince Metternich (Chancellor of Austria, 1815-1848)
Louis XVIII (Bourbon; r. 1814-1824)
Charles X (Bourbon; r. 1824-1830)
Louis-Philippe (Orleans; r. 1830-1848)

the Congress of Vienna
the Holy Alliance
the German Confederation

Related Documents (from Brophy reader)

J. G. Herder, from Reflections on the Philosophy of the History of Mankind

J. G. Fichte, from Addresses to the German Nation

Giuseppe Mazzini, from Duties of Man

Putting a Lid Back on Europe, 1815-1830
History 104 / February 25, 2013

I. The “Concert of Europe”
          A. The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815
                   1. France participates as a near-equal
                   2. The balance of power as principal guarantor of peace
          B. Preserving order is the job of the five great powers
                   1. Option one: Metternich’s secret police
                   2. Option two: military intervention
                   3. The mechanism: regular meetings of the foreign
                             ministers (through 1822)
          C.  Ideological nuances among the great powers
                   1. The constitutional powers: Britain and France
                   2. The conservative monarchies: Austria, Prussia, Russia
II. Two ideologies threatening to the status quo
          A. Nationalism
                   1. Italians in revolt
                   2. The Greek uprising against the Ottoman Empire
                   3. The problem of Germany
         B. Liberalism
                   1. Emphasis on individual freedom
                   2. Target of agitation: Europe’s ruling houses
          C. Links between liberalism and nationalism
III. The power edifice rumbles: the revolutions of 1830
          A. Another revolution in France?
          B. Dividing the Netherlands
          C. The Polish uprising