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Georges Haussmann (1809-91)


Urban Life Transformed
History 104 / March 20, 2013

I. Work: the basic determinant of class status in urban settings
        A. Industrial labor  (the working class)
                1. Gradations of skill
                2. Organizing the working class: parties or unions?
        B. The service sector (the lower middle class)
                1. Traditional service as domestic servants
                2. New opportunities as “white-collar” clerks
        C. Professionals (the upper middle class)
                1. Classic professions: law, medicine, the clergy
                2. The rise of the engineers
        D. The elite class: a fusion of old nobility and new money
II. Roles for women in the era of “bourgeois domesticity”
        A. Middle-class charities (= middle-class imperialism?)
                1. Temperance movements
                2. Teaching manners to the lower classes
        B. Movements for womens rights
                1. Educational demands
                2. Political demands: the suffragettes
        C. Women’s participation in working-class politics
III. New forms of leisure
        A. Reshaping the city
                1. Haussmann's Paris
                2. Vienna and its Ringstrasse
        B. The adventure of modern shopping: department stores
        C. To and fro: trams, subways, and weekend getaways
        D. Diversions for the young and energetic
                1. Travel
                2. Amusement parks
                3. Dance halls