Power Point
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Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)
Haile Selassie (1892-1975)

The Appeal of Fascism
History 104 / April 8, 2013

I. Fascism: an ideology of violent dynamism
          A. Mussolini as socialist
          B. The fascist synthesis: nationalism plus socialism
                   1. Emphasis on the entire national community
                   2. Rejection of other prevalent ideologies
                             a. Socialism too international
                             b. Catholicism too backward and moralistic
                             b. Conservatism too narrow in its appeal to wealthy
                             c. Liberalism too individualistic, too parliamentary
                   3. The (supposed) nature of fascist leadership
II. Italy drifts toward dictatorship
          A. Disorder in city & country
                   1. Unions strike in major factories
                   2. Agricultural laborers demand better pay
          B. Fascist squadristi smash the left
          C. Mussolini’s “March on Rome” (Oct. 1922)
          D. Toward full dictatorship
III. The nature of fascist rule
          A. Mussolini as “il Duce”
          B. Attempts at a “totalitarian” organization of society
          C. The limits of Mussolini’s power
IV. Mussolini’s wars
          A. Conquest of Ethiopia (1935-36)
          B. Intervention in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39)
          C. Alliance with Hitler (1940-45)