Power Point
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Enabling Act
Strength through Joy
Nuremberg Laws

Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
Josef Goebbels (1897-1945)
Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945)

National Socialism in Germany
History 104 / April 10, 2013

I. Hitler’s messianic ideology
          A. Mein Kampf (1925): Hitler's racial program
                   1. “Aryans” as the master race
                   2. Jews as the corrupters of Aryans
                   3. Measures to enforce the “health” of the “racial community”
          B. Hitler’s foreign policy agenda: restoration of German power
                   1. Breaking the “shackles of Versailles”
                   2. Winning Lebensraum in the East
          C. The pursuit of anti-modern ends by modern means
II. Overthrowing the Weimar Republic
          A. Reminder: the unsuccessful “Beer Hall putsch” of 1923       
          B. The party aims for respectability
                   1. Promising all things to all people
                   2.  Innovative election propaganda
                   3. The SA (stormtroopers): the threat of violence
                   4. The Great Depression offers new possibilities
          C. Jan. 30, 1933: a fateful miscalculation
III. Hitler in power
          A. Consolidating the dictatorship
                   1. The Enabling Act (March 1933): Hitler gets a free hand
                   2. The "Night of the Long Knives" (June 1934)
          B. Recovery and (limited) prosperity
                   1. "Strength through Joy": glorifying labor
                   2. Guns and butter
                   3. Toward economic autarchy
          C. Overturning the Versailles order
          D. Excluding outsiders from the "racial community"
                   1. The Nuremberg Laws
                   2. Compulsory sterilization of mentally handicapped
                   3. The Olympics in Berlin (1936)