Power Point
available here

cult of personality
the Great Terror
Popular Front
Night of the Broken Glass

Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940)
Leon Blum (1872-1950)
Francisco Franco (1892-1975)
George Orwell (1903-1950)

Trapped by Extremes: Europe in the 1930s
History 104 / April 12, 2013

I. Western democracies under pressure
          A. The Great Depression shatters confidence
          B. Britain: fringe agitation
                   1. Sir Oswald Mosley and the British Union of Fascists
                   2. ‘Fellow travelers’ at Cambridge and Oxford
          C. France: deeply divided (as usual)
                   1. The far right tries a coup (February 1934)
                   2. Leon Blum’s Popular Front government (1936-38)
II. The escalation of violence
          A. Violence in Mother Russia: Stalin’s Great Purges
                   1. Stalin’s “cult of personality”
                   2. The purges and the Great Terror, 1936-38
          B. The Spanish Civil War: a confrontation of extremes
                   1. Spain’s Republican government:
                             a “popular front”
                   2. Franco’s coalition: Catholics, fascists, the army
                   3. International interventions
III. Appeasing Hitler’s Germany
          A. The Anschluss: Austria joins the Third Reich (March 1938)
          B. Hitler’s pressure on Czechoslovakia
                   1. The position of the Sudeten Germans
                   2. The Munich Conference (Oct. 1938)
          C. The “Night of the Broken Glass” (Nov. 9, 1938)
          D. The last straw: Hitler marches into Prague (March 1939)