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Adolf Eichmann (1906-1962)

The Holocaust in History
History 104 / April 17, 2013

I. Phases of the Holocaust
         A. Exclusion from Hitler’s “Greater Germany,” 1933-1941
                  1. The Nuremberg Laws, Sept. 1935
                  2. The “Night of the Broken Glass,” Nov. 1938
                  3. Confinement to ghettos, 1940-41
                  4. The Madagascar Plan
         B. Mobile killing units on the Eastern Front, 1941-42
                  1. Operation Barbarossa and the Commissar Order
                  2. Einsatzgruppen behind the front lines
         C. Industrialized slaughter: the “Final Solution,” 1942-45
                  1. The Wannsee Conference, Jan. 1942
                  2. Clarification: concentration vs. extermination camps
                  3. Systematically removing Jews from occupied Europe
II. Studying the perpetrators
         A. The Holocaust as the work of deviants?
         B. The Holocaust as the work of ordinary men?
                  1. Hannah Arendt and “the banality of evil”
                  2. Daniel Goldhagen and “Hitler’s willing executioners”
         C. The role of non-Germans
III. Legacies of Auschwitz
         A. Commemorating the victims
                  1. Contemporary Judaism and the Holocaust
                  2. The “Americanization” of the Holocaust
                  3. Other victims: gypsies, homosexuals, religious groups
                  4. Anti-fascist heroes
         B. Emigrés: Germany’s loss is others’ gain