Power Point
available here

welfare state

Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967)
Clement Attlee (1883-1967)
Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970)
Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980)
Herbert Marcuse (1898-1979)
Alexander Dubcek (1921-1992)

Europe Divided
History 104 / April 22, 2013

I. Pervasive American and Soviet influence
         A. Military presence
         B. Cultural presence
         C. Economic presence
II. Autonomous developments in the Western camp
         A. Britain and the welfare state
         B. France: stunning prosperity, muddled politics
                  1. The Fourth Republic – a repeat performance
                  2. Colonial wars: Vietnam and Algeria
                  3. De Gaulle's triumphant return, 1958
         C. "Economic miracles" in Germany and Italy
                  1. Swift rehabilitation in international affairs
                  2. Christian Democratic politics ascendant
                  3. Memories of the war suppressed
         D. Critiques of the postwar societies
                  1. Jean-Paul Sartre: existentialist individualism
                  2. Herbert Marcuse: vs. one-dimensional man
         E. “1968” – revolts born of prosperity
                  1. Crisis at the universities
                  2. The articulation of new values
III. Meanwhile, in the Soviet bloc…
         A. The early postwar years: Stalinism all around
                  1. Emphasis on heavy industry
                  2. Purges and show trials
         B. De-Stalinization under Khrushchev
                  1. The "Secret Speech" to the 20th Party Congress
                  2. Hopes for reform in Poland
                  3. Hungary's uprising crushed
         C. Gradual shifts toward consumerism in the East
         D. The “Prague Spring”: failure of “socialism with a human face”