Power Point
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Leonid Brezhnev (1906-1982)
Margaret Thatcher (1925- )
Ronald Reagan (1911-2004)
Mikhail Gorbachev (1931- )

Détente and Social Change
History 104 / April 24, 2013

I. Stabilizing the Cold War
         A. Stepping back from the nuclear brink
                  1. The hotline
                  2. “Controlled” missile buildup
                  3. Non-proliferation limits the size of the nuclear club
         B. The Helsinki Accords (1975): acknowledging the status quo
         C. The collapse of détente
                  1. “Peaceful coexistence” still involves competition
                  2. The “Second Cold War,” ca. 1980-85
II. The West in crisis
         A. Sliding into “stagflation”
                  1. The Bretton Woods system breaks down
                  2. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979
         B. The blight of terrorism
         C. Recovering from crisis
                  1. Market reforms: “Thatcherism” in Britain
                  2. European cooperation: toward the European Union
                  3. Global cooperation: the G-7
         D. The rise of new social movements
                  1. Feminism
                  2. Environmentalism
                  3. Evangelical religion
III. The collapse of communism
         A. Moral bankruptcy
                  1. Citizen spies
                  2. Scarcity breeds corruption
         B. Economic bankruptcy
                  1. Unsustainable benefits
                  2. Environmental devastation
         C. The potency of nationalism
         D. Steps in the disintegration of the Soviet empire
                  1. Solidarity in Poland
                  2. Charter 77 in Czechoslovakia
                  3. Tearing down the Berlin Wall