Nikita KhrushchevDouglas MacArthur
Jawarlahal Nehru
Syngman Rhee
Kim Il Sung

Uniting for Peace: Korea and the Cold War
History 300 / September 24, 2013

I. The consolidation of Cold War camps
            A. The West seeks mutual security outside the UN
                        1. The Brussels Pact (1948)
                        2. NATO (April 1949)
            B. The Soviet camp solidifies
                        1. Moscow's “two camps” theory (Sept. 1947)
                        2. The Soviet A-Bomb (1949)
                        3. The “fall” of China (Oct. 1949)
            C. Divided nations as a symbol of the Cold War
                        1. North and South Korea (1948)
                        2. East and West Germany (1949)
                        3. Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (1949)
                        4. North and South Vietnam (1954)
II. The United Nations at war, 1950-53
            A. Stalin gives the green light for Korean “unification”
            B. The Security Council requests action to repel N. Korea
            C. MacArthur’s military leadership
                        1. Rescues Seoul…
                        2. … but brings China into the war
            D. “Uniting for Peace”: the General Assembly in action
III. The crumbling of the “free world”
            A. The critique of America
                        1. McCarthyism
                        2. Racial discrimination
                        3. Aversion to “Mutual Assured Destruction”
            B. The non-aligned movement
                        1. European neutrals
                        2. Asian and African neutrals:
                              The Bandung Conference (1955)
            C. Khrushchev embraces the cause of decolonization
                        1. Support for communist insurgencies (Malaysia)
                        2. Courting “bourgeois” national leaders

UNSC Resolution
(June 25, 1950)

UNSC Resolution 84 (July 7, 1950)

UNGA Resolution 377 (Nov. 3, 1950)

Further reading
Inis Claude,Swords Into Plowshares: The Problems and Progress of International Organization, 4th ed. (New York: Random House, 1971)