OFFICE PHONE:  (765) 496-2265

                                                                                HOME PHONE:  (765) 447-6369

                                                                                FAX:  (765) 496-1700

                                                                                E-MAIL  fmerrell@purdue.edu






B.A.   (1963)  Arizona State University (chemistry and physics).

M.A.    (1966)  New Mexico Highlands University (Spanish and Latin American history.  Thesis:  “Justo Sierra y la educación positivista de México”).

Ph.D.  (1973)  University of New Mexico (Iberoamerican Studies.  Diossertation:  “Sacred-Secular Complementarity in Al filo del agua and Pedro Páramo:  An Inquiry into Mythmaking”).







Contemporary Spanish American prose, Latin American culture and civilization, literary theory, semiotic theory, Charles S. Peirce studies.






1970-73           NDFL Fellowship (University of New Mexico).

1974                XL Summer Grant (Purdue University).

1983                David Ross Fellowship Grant (funds for Irene Hodges, for work on dissertation, funded through her major professor).

1985                Fellow:  Center for Humanistic Studies (Purdue University).

1989                Purdue International Travel Grant.

1990                Fellow:  Center for Humanistic Studies (Purdue University).

1994                Fellow:  Center for Humanistic Studies (Purdue University).

1995                PRF Grant (funding for Lucero Tenorio-Gavin, for work on dissertation, funded through her major professor).

1998                PRF Grant (funding for María Melgarejo, for work on dissertation, funded through her major professor).

2003                PRF Grant (funding for Manuel Apodaca, for work on dissertation, funded through his major professor).

2005                Appointed a Thomas A. Sebeok Fellow on behalf of the membership of the Semiotic Society of America.





1963-65           Secondary school teacher of chemistry and Spanish (Alta Loma, California).

1966-70           Secondary school teacher of chemistry and physics (Albuquerque, New Mexico).

1970                Summer appointment with the Agency for International Development working with secondary school teachers of physics in Costa Rica.

1973-74           Visiting Assistant Professor (Purdue University).

1974-77                       Assistant Professor (Purdue University).

1977-82                      Associate Professor (Purdue University).

1982-               Professor (Purdue University).

1991-99           Member of the Pontífica Universidade Católica de São Paulo

in the capacity as a Visiting Distinguished Professor (seminars usually taught during the months of May and June).

2001-02           During May and June, taught graduate seminars at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, Brazil.

2006                Appointed to an honorary position as advisor for Post-Graduate students and Post-Doctoral fellows at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, Brazil.

2007                Appointed as a Visiting Distinguished Professor (for the purpose occasionally of teaching mini-seminars) at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.







1978-82           Summer courses on Latin American Culture and Civilization for NEH Summer      Institute for secondary school teachers (Purdue University).

1982-83           Director:  CIC Summer Program for Big Ten University Spanish students at the     Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City.

1992                Two month seminar on the Semiotics of C. S. Peirce taught at the Pontificia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil, May-July.

1992                Three-day intensive seminar on semiotics taught at the School of Design,    Montevideo, Uruguay, and later taught at the Universidad Nacional at         Buenos Aires, Argentina, and the Universidad de Rosario, Rosario,    Argentina, July.

1994                Two month seminar on C. S. Peirce’s Semiotics and Chaos Theory taught at the Pontíficia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil, May-June.  (The appointment was made permanent after that year, until 1999.)

1995                Three-day intensive seminar on the iconic sign taught at the School of Design, Montivideo, Uruguay.

1997               Four-day intensive seminar on semiotics taught at the Universidade de Rio Grande do Sul, Caxias, Brazil.

1997-              Editor:  Purdue Studies in Romance Languages (a monograph series published        with Purdue University Press).

1998                Week-long seminar on semiotics at the Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo,   Venezuela.

1998                Five-day intensive seminar on the Peircean sign and graphic design at the   Universidad de Anahuac, Mexico City.

1997-98          Vice President:  Semiotic Society of America.

1999               May-June:  a series of 3-day seminars given at the State Universities of Ilhéus and              Feira de Santana of Bahia, Brazil, and at the Federal University of Bahia,     Salvador, Brazil.

1998-99          President:  Semiotic Society of America.

2000                Two month seminar on the Semiotics of C. S. Peirce and body-mind interdependent interaction taught at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

2000                Five-day intensive seminar at the University of Bari, Bari, Italy, April.

2000                Intensive seminar at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil, June, July,                                      and August.

2001                    Five day intensive seminar on semiotics and the arts at the Instituto Nacional de Artes, Mexico City, September.

2002                    Five day intensive seminar on semiotics and cultural studies at the Federal University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil, July.

2002                Five day intensive seminar at the University of Roraima, Boa Vista, Brasil,  January

2002                Five day intensive seminar at the Monterrey Institute of Technology in Mexico City, November.

2003                Three day intensive seminar at the Metropolitan University of Mexico, Mexico City, April.

2004                Three day intensive seminar at the Metropolitan University of Mexico, Mexico City, April.

2004                Three day intensive seminar at XiqueXique, Bahia state, Brazil, July.

2005                Three day intensive seminar at the National University of Mexico, Mexico City, November.

2007                An English course taught as a volunteer to guides at the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Salvador, Brazil, January-March.

2007                Three day intensive seminar at the University of Bari, Bari, Italy, April.

2007                Director, University of Iowa 6-week Summer Program in language and cultural studies at Salvador, Bahia, Brazil in conjunction with ACBEU (Associação Cultural Bahia Estados Unidos).

2008                Three day intensive seminar at Salvador, Brazil with the Federal University of Bahia on Peirce and Culture.

2009                Three day intensive seminar at the Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil, on the Mexican Revolution.






International Association for Semiotic Studies, Semiotic Society of America, Toronto Semiotic Circle, Canadian Semiotic Association, Asociación Vasca de Semiótica, American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese, Modern Language Association,  Asociacão Brasileira de Semiótica, Asociación Latinoamericana de Semiótica.









Joint author with Raymon C. Anglin and Sev. D. Amaya, Guía de laboratorio de física (San José, Costa Rica:  Ministerio de Educación Pública, 1969).

Semiotic Foundations:  Steps Toward an Epistemology of Written Texts (Bloominton:  Indiana University Press, 1982).  Selected by Choice as an outstanding academic book of the year.

Pararealities:  The Nature of Our Fictions and How We Know Them (Amsterdam:  John Benjamins, 1983).

Deconstruction Reframed (West Lafayette:  Purdue University Press, 1985).

A Semiotic Theory of Texts (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1985).

Estructuralismo y proceso estructurante (Berlin:  Kurt Reichenberger, 1990).

On Semiotic Modeling, ed. with Myrdene Anderson (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1991).

Signs Becoming Signs:  Our Perfusive, Pervasive Universe (Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1991).

Unthinking Thinking:  Jorge Luis Borges, Mathematics, and the “New Physics” (West Lafayette:  Purdue University Press, 1991).

Sign, Textuality, World (Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1992).

Semiosis in the Postmodern Age (West Lafayette:  Purdue University Press, 1995).

Peirce’s Semiotics Now:  A Primer (Toronto:  Canadian Scholars’ Press, 1995).

Signs Grow:  Semiosis and Life Processes (Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1996).

Peirce, Signs, and Meaning (Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1997).

Simplicity and Complexity:  Pondering Literature, Science and Painting (Ann Arbor:   University of Michigan Press, 1998).

Sensing Semiosis:  Toward the Possibility of Complementary Cultural “Logics” (New     York:  St. Martin’s Press, 1998).

Introducción a la semiótica de C. S. Peirce (Maracaibo:  Ediciones Astro Data, 1998).

Sobre las culturas y civilizaciones latinoamericanas (a textbook for 3rd and 4th year Spanish students) (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1999).

Tasking Textuality (Hamburg:  Peter Lang, 2000).

Change, Through Signs of Body, Mind, and Language (Chicago:  Waveland Press, 2000).

Signs, Science, Self-Subsuming (Arti)Facts (Dresden:  Thelem Press, 2000).

Signs for Everybody:  Or, Communication, Quandaries, and Chaos (Ottawa:  Legas Press, 2000).

Living Learning, Learning Living:  Signs, East and West (Ottawa:  Legas Press, 2002).

The Mexicans:  A Sense of Culture (Boulder:  Westview Press, 2003).

Sensing Corporeally:  Toward a Posthuman Understanding (Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 2003).

Complementing Latin American Borders (West Lafayette:  Purdue University Press, 2004).

Capoeira and Candomblé:  Conformity and Resistance through Afro-Brazilian Experience (Princeton:  Markus Wiener, 2005).

Processing Cultural Meaning (Ottawa:  Legas Press, 2007).

Viver Aprendendo:  Cruzando Fronteiras e Pragmatizando Conhecimentos com Paulo Freire e Charles S. Peirce (Santa Maria, Brazil:  Editora UNIJUI, 2008). (My translation from the English manuscript into the Portuguese; forthcoming in English with Atwood Publishing).







A translation into Portuguese of Peirce’s Semiotics Now (Salvador, Brazil:  UFBA).





BORGES, PHYSICISTS, AND WORLDMAKING (a study of fabrications by the Argentine writer and some of the leading physicists during the early decades of the twentieth century).





SEMIOTICA:  Abduction:  Between Subjectivity and Objectivity 153 (1/4) (2005).  Guest editors:  João Queiroz and floyd merrell





“A Model of Narrative Analysis with Application to Rulfo’s ‘La Cuesta de las Comadres’,” in The Analysis of Hispanic Texts, eds. M. A. Beck, et al. (New York:  Bilingual Press/Editorial Bilingüe, 1976), 150-69.

“Structuralism and Beyond:  A Critique of Presuppositions,” in Frontiers in Semiotics, eds. F. E. Kruse, J. Deely and B. Williams (Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1986), 120-39.

“An Uncertain Semiotic,” in The Current in Criticism, eds. V. Lokke and C. Koelb (West Lafayette:  Purdue University Press, 1987), 243-64.

“Model, World, ‘Semiotic Reality’,” in On Semiotic Modeling (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1991), 247-84.

“Introduction:  Grounding Figures and Figuring Grounds in Semiotic Modeling,” with M. Anderson, in On Semiotic Modeling (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1991), 1-17.

“Afterword:  Filling and Emptying Figures and Grounds in Art, Craft, and Science,” with M. Anderson, in On Semiotic Modeling (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1991), 595-99.

“Signs Grow, Life Goes On,” in The Semiotic Web 1991, eds. T. A. Sebeok and J. Umiker-Sebeok (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1991), 251-81.

“Vagueness, Generality, and Undeciding Otherness,” in Peirce’s Doctrine of Signs:  Theory, Application, and Conventions, V. M. Colapietro and T. M. Olshewsky (eds.), 33-43 (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1995).

“Putting the Body back in the Mind (Sign),” in Ensaios em homenagem a (Essays Honor of) Thomas A. Sebeok, 95-107 (Oporto:  Cruzeiro Semiótico, 1995).

“Fractopoi, Chaosmos, or Merely Simplexity-Complicity?” in Systems:  New Paradigms for the Human Sciences, eds. G. Altmann and W. Koch, 623-45.  (Berlin:  de Gruyter, 1998).

“Diagrammatism in the Interstices,” in a Interdigitations:  Essays for Irmengard Rauch, eds. G. F. Carr, W. Harbert and L. Zhang, 589-600.  (Lanham:  Peter Lang, 1999).

“Borges y Calvino:  ¿Caosmos desenmarañado?  In Jorge Luis Borges:  Pensamiento y saber en el siglo XX,” eds. Alfonso and Fernando de Toro, 189-222. (Berlin:  Vervuert, 1999).

“Some Thoughts on Simplicity and Complexity by Way of Jorge Luis Borges, Italo Calvino, and C. S. Peirce.”  In El siglo de Borges.  Volúmen I:  Retrospectiva - Presente -Futuro, eds. Alfonso and Fernando de Toro, 129-54.  (Berlin:  Vervuert, 1999).

“Neither Matrix nor Redux but Reflux:  Translation from (Within) Semiosis,” in Athanor, ed. Susan Petrilli, 83-101.  (Bologna:  Meltemi Editore, 2000). [Reprinted in Translation Translation, S. Petrilli (ed.), 165-87.  New York:  Rodopi, 2003.]

“¿Qué hay entre naturaleza y cultura?  In Ensayos semióticos:  Dominios, modelos, miradas desde el cruce de la naturaleza y cultura, ed. A. Gimate-Welch (México:  Porrúa, 2000).

“Semiotically Digesting Dis/Ability,? with Myrdene Anderson.  In Semiotics and Dis/ability:  Interrogating Categories of Difference, ed. L. Rogers and B. B. Swadener, 267-72.  (Albany:  State U of New York P, 2001).

“Quão ‘reais’ os signos podem se tornar?” in Interlab:  laberintos do pensamento     contemporâneo, ed. Lúcia Leão, 255-88.  (São Paulo:  Iluminuras, 2002).

“Order and Chaos, Simplicity and Complexity,” in Goethe, Chaos, and Complexity, ed. H. Rowland, 1-16.  (Atlanta, Editions Rodopi, 2002).

“Capoeira Culture:  An Impertinent Non-Western Art Form.”  In Contemporary Latin American Cultural Studies, S. Hart (ed.), 278-89. (London:  Arnold, 2003).

“Abdução:  uma razão sem lógica do nosso tempo?”  In Pragmática e razão, L. P. Rouaner and W. da Silva Filho (eds.), 71-88.  (São Paulo:  Unimarco, 2004).

“A Prática do Pragmatismo:  aprender Vivendo, Vivir aprendendo.”  In Filosofia e Educação:  Confluências, 13-35, ed. A. L. Trevisan y N. D. Rossatto.  (Santa Maria:  Facos-UFSM, 2005).

“Lógica e razão, diálogo aberto, tolerância e intolerância.”  In Filosofia e educacão:  Racionalidade a tolerância, ed. A. A. Fávero, C. A. Dalbosco, and T. Marcon, 55-93.  (Santa Maria:  Facos-UFSM, 2006).

“Jorge Luis Borges, and Early Quantum Labyrinths.”  Science, Literature, and film in the Hispanic World, eds. J. Hoeg and K. S. Larsen, 49-74.  (New York:  Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).

“The Sign’s Significant Other.”  In La Filosofia del Linguaggio come arte dell’ascolto (Philosophy of Language as the Art of Listening), a homage to Augusto Ponzio, S. Petrilli (ed.), 91-104.  (Bari:  Edizioni dal Sud, 2006).

“La abducción de C. S. Peirce:  Significado, vaguedad y generalidad.”  In Lenguaje, significado y psicología, ed. Zuraya Monroy Nasr and Pablo Fernández Christlieb, 3-22.   (México:  UNAM, 2007).

“Charles Peirce:  Um signo antes do seu tempo.”  In  Peirce e o pragmatismo contemporâeo, ed. W. J. da Silva Filho, 54-67.  (Salvador:  Universidade Federal da Bahia, 2008).

“The Way of Peircean Signs.”  In Approaches to Communication:  Trends in Global Communication Studies, S. Petrilli (ed.), 29-42.  (Madison:  Atwood Publishing, 2008).

“Borges:  Post- or Trans-Human?”  In Cy-Borges:  Memories of Posthumanism in the Work of Jorge Luis Borges, I. Callus and S. Herbrechter (eds.), 39-59.  Lewisburg:  Bucknell University Press, 2009).

“Only an Image?”  In Semiotica de la imagen, J. Finol (ed.), 81-98.  (Maracaibo:  Colección Monográfica de   Semiótica Latinoamericana, 2008).

“Charles S. Peirce, Jorge Luis Borges, y las categorías en proceso.”  In Coloquio en semiótica, ed. A. Gimate-Welch. (México:  Porrúa, 44 ms pages).

 “The Roots of Diagrammatic Thinking:  From Zero to Paradiagrammadoxica.”  In Os grafos existenciais de C. S. Peirce, J. Queiroz and L. de Moraes (eds) (São Paulo:  USP, 18 ms pages).

“Fearful (Dys)Symmetries:  Borges and the Fourth Dimension.”  In Modernism’s Fourth Dimensions, L. D. Henderson and B. Clarke (eds.) (University Park:  Penn State University Press, 33 ms pages).

“Learning Living Pragmatically?”  In O qué é o pragmatismo?, P. Giraldelli (ed.) (Marília:  University of Marília, Brazil, 28 ms pages).

“Argumentos do coração”  In Rorty, pragmatismo, e violencia, P. Giraldelli (ed.) (Marília:  University of Marília, 17 ms pages).

“Tom’s Often Neglected Other Theoretical Source.”  In Semiotics Continues to Astonish, J. Deely, ed.  Tartu:  Tartu University Press (32 ms pages).

“Conformity and Resistance as Cultural Process in Postmodern Globalizing Times.”  In Semiotics and Postmodernism, R. Capozzi, ed.  Toronto:  University of Toronto Press (31 ms pages).

“Las limitaciones pragmático-semióticas de nuestro conocimiento.”  In Charles Sanders Peirce, la semiótica, y la epistemología, E. Sandoval, ed.  Mexico:  UNAM.






“José Arcadio Buendía’s Scientific Paradigms:  Man in Search of Himself,” LATIN AMERICAN LITERARY REVIEW, No. 4 (1975), 59-70.

“The Ideal World in Search of its Reference:  An Inquiry into the Underlying Nature of Magical Realism,” CHASQUI, 4, No. 2 (1975), 5-17.

“La estructura de ‘Juan Girador’ de Miguel Angel Asturias,” HISPAMÉRICA, 3, No. 9 (1975), 21-33.

“Le structuralism et au-delá:  un examen critique des presupposés du systémé,” DIOGENE, No. 92 (1975), 78-110.  English edition:  “Structuralism and Beyond:  A Critique of Presuppositions,” DIOGENES, No. 92 (1975), 67-103.  Translated into Japanese as part of a yearly issue containing selections from DIOGENES; this issue includes, among others, essays by Claude Lévi-Strauss and Roger Caillois.

“Fearful Paradoxes (Dissymmetries),” in FILM STUDIES ANNUAL, eds. B. Lawton, et al. (West Lafayette:  Purdue Research Foundation, 1976), 52-73.

“Communication and Paradox in Carlos Fuentes’s The Death of Artemio Cruz,” SEMIOTICA:  JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR SEMIOTIC STUDIES, 18, No. 4 (1976), 339-60.

“Some Considerations of Bird Imagery in Rulfo’s Pedro Páramo,” ROMANCE NOTES, 17, No. 3 (1977), 1-6.

“Carlos Fuentes and C. S. Peirce:  At the Edge of Semiotic Activity,” PUNTO DE CONTACTO/POINT OF CONTACT, l, No. 4 (1977), 69-77.

“Man and His Prisons:  Evolving Patterns in José Revueltas’s Narrative,” REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS HISPANICOS, 11, No. 2 (1977), 233-50.

“Dialectic of Cosmologies in Rulfo’s Pedro Páramo,” ROMANIC REVIEW, 68, No. 4 (1977), 287-99.

“Some Considerations of the Notion of Otherness in Octavio Paz’s Posdata,” KENTUCKY ROMANCE QUARTERLY, 24, No. 2 (1977), 163-74.

“Death in the Final Scenes of Rulfo’s Pedro Páramo,” CHASQUI, 4, No. 1 (1978), 331-41.

“Hacia una interpretación de la novela histórica guatemalteca,” HISPANÓFILA, 22, No. 1 (1978), 71-84.

“Metaphor and Metonymy:  A Key to Narrative Analysis,” LANGUAGE AND STYLE, 11, No. 3 (1978), 146-63.

“Some Signs that Preceded their Times:  Or, Are We Really Ready for Peirce?” ARS SEMEIOTICA, 2, No. 2 (1979), 149-72.

“How We Perceive Texts,” DISPOSITIO, 3, Nos. 7/8 (1980), 167-73.

“Of Metaphor and Metonymy,” SEMIOTICA, 31, Nos. 3/4 (1980), 289-307.

“Understanding Fictions,” KODIKAS/CODE:  AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS, 2, No. 3 (1980), 235-48.

“Patterns of Exchange in Pedro Páramo,” ROMANCE NOTES, 21, No. 2 (l980), 132-37.

“On Understanding the ‘Logic’ of Understanding:  A Reincarnation of some Peircean Thought,” ARS SEMEIOTICA, 4, No. 1 (1981), 161-86.

“Entropología y La casa verde:  Vargas Llosa dialoga con un mundo en degeneración,” REVISTA DE ESTUDIOS HISPÁNICOS,” 16, No. l (1982), 103-13.

“Structuralism:  The Limitations of a ‘Science’,” PUNTO DE CONTACTO/POINT OF CONTACT, 3, Nos. 1/2 (1982), 59-69.

Los de abajo, La feria, and the Notion of Space-Time Categories,” HISPANÓFILA, 27, No. 1 (1983), 77-91.

“How General Should/Can Rhetoric Be?” PRE-TEXT, 4, No. 2 (l983), 139-62.

“Deconstruction Meets a Mathematician:  Metasemiotic Inquiry,” THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS, 2, No. 4 (1984), 125-52.

“Knowing Fictions,” SEMIOTICS 1984, ed. J. Deely (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1985), 29-35.

“A Semiotic Model for the Perception of Texts,” SEMIOTICA, 57, Nos. 3/4 (1985), 289-316.

“When is True Real?, Or, Please Ignore this Title,” SEMIOTICS 1985, ed. J. Deely (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1986), 37-44.

“Minimal Conditions for a Semiotic Theory of Texts,” SEMIOTICS 1985, ed. J. Deely (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1986), 454-65.

“Of Position Papers, Paradigms, and Paradoxes,” SEMIOTICA, 65, Nos. 3/4 (1987), 191-223.

“Peirce, and Bohm’s Quantum Universe,” SEMIOTICS 1986 (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1987), 434-43.

“Enduring On:  Travails of Textuality,” SEMIOTICA, 66, No. 4 (1987), 379-411.

“From the Other Side of the Pyrenees,” SEMIOTICA, 70, Nos. 3/4 (1988), 345-60.

“Uncommonplace Happenings:  Post-Tlatelolco Mexican Narrative,” LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH REVIEW, 15, No. 3 (1988), 180-87.

“The Heyday of Master Narratives:  Reflections on Fly Bottles and Fallibilism,” SEMIOTICA, 72, Nos. 1/2 (1988), 125-57.

“Structure and Restructuration in Al filo del agua,” CHASQUI, 17, No. l (1988), 51-60.

“Semiosis as a Basis for Modeling,” SEMIOTICS 1987, ed. J. Deely (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1988), 423-32.

“Borges’s Tropological Avatars,” LATIN AMERICAN LITERARY REVIEW, 16, No. 32 (1988), 53-66.

“The Sign of Deceit,” SEMIOTICS 1988, ed. J. Deely (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1989), 232-40.

“Justo Sierra y la educación positivista en México,” HISPANÓFILA, 99 (1989), 1-21.

“Fiction, Fact, Phalanx, Phantasm,” DIACRITICS, 19, No. 1 (1989), 2-16.

“Teorías de interpretación,” RELACIONES:  REVISTA AL TEMA DEL HOMBRE, 67 (1989), 1-21.

“Signos de lo incierto,” RELACIONES:  REVISTA AL TEMA DEL HOMBRE, 70 (1990), 4-16.

“La cifra laberíntica:  Más allá del ‘boom’ en México,” REVISTA IBEROAMERICANA 150 (1990), 49-61.

“Mundos variaveis, modelizacoes semióticas,” FACE:  JORNAL BRASILEIRA DA SEMIOTICA, 3, No. 1 (1990), 29-44 (with M. Anderson).

“Web, Weave, or Fabric?” SEMIOTICA, 81, Nos. 1/2 (1990), 93-133.

“Superphaneroscopy or Hypersemiosis?” SEMIOTICS 1989, eds. J. Deely, K. Haworth, T. Prewitt (Lanham:  University Press of America, 1990), 23-35 (with M. Anderson).

“Un-Quixotic Semiotic?” SEMIOTICA, 86, Nos. 1/2 (1991), 137-49.

“Peirce, and the Saussurean Legacy,” FACE:  JORNAL BRASILEIRA DA SEMIOTICA, Special No. 1 (1991), 161-90.

“Thought-Signs, Sign-Events,” SEMIOTICA, 87, Nos. 1/2 (1991), 1-58.

“Seeing a Film and Reading a Book:  A Comparison of Perceptual Modes,” DISPOSITIO, 15, No. 40 (1991), 141-50.

“Thought-Signs:  Jungle or Wasteland?” KODIKAS/CODE, 14, Nos. 3/4 (1991), 1-22.

“La semiología-estructuralismo frente a la semiótica,” SEMIOSIS Nos. 26-29 (1991), 119-36.

“Semiotics and Literature,” INTERNATIONAL OXFORD ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LINGUISTICS, Vol. 3, ed. W. Bright (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 1992), 408-12 (2nd edition with expansion and revision of article, 2002, with William Frawley, editor).

“Peirce versus Saussure,” RELACIONES:  REVISTA AL TEMA DEL HOMBRE, 77 (1992), 4-12.

“La semiosis:  cascada de significación,” SIGNA:  REVISTA DE LA ASOCIACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE SEMIÓTICA, 1 (1992), 81-106.

“Shifting Worlds, Semiotic Modeling,” in SIGNS OF HUMANITY/L’HOMME ET SES SIGNES, Vol. 1, ed. G. Deledalle (Berlin:  Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), 73-84 (with M. Anderson).

“Who Purloined Ariadne’s Thread?” SEMIOTICA, 95, Nos. 1/2 (1993), 107-39.

“Sobre signos, ‘realidades’, y ficciones,” CUADERNOS GRITEX, Nos. 5/6 (1993), 11-29.

“Is Meaning Possible Within Indefinite Semiosis?” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS, 10, Nos. 3\4 (1993), 165-93.

“Carlos Fuentes y la nueva narrativa (Del estructuralismo hacia la semiosis),” LITERAL, 4, No. 19 (1994), 13-20.

“On Bifurcating Semiosis:  Or, How to Stop Worrying about those Elusive Signs and Learn to Live with Them,” SEMIOTICA, 99, Nos. 1/2 (1994), 101-25.

“Of Signs and Life,” SEMIOTICA, 101, Nos. 3/4 (1994), 175-240.

“Sign, Self, Semiosis:  On Our Blissful Unknowing Knowing,” SEMIOTIC BEHAVIOR, l, No. 1 (1994), 214-42.

“Is Prose By Any Other Name Still Prose?” SEMIOTICA 107 Nos. 3/4 (1995), 209-36.

“The Knowledge Sin(drome),” in SEMIOTICS 1993, R. S. Corrington and J. Deely (eds.), 497-506  (Lanham:  Peter Lang, 1995).

“How/Why is Simplicity Complex and Complexity Simple:  A Dialogue,” in SEMIOTICS 1994, C. W. Spinks and J. Deely (eds.), 181-97 (Lanham:  Peter Lang, 1995).

“Agonística paradigmática,” AD-VERSUS 12 (1995), 43-65.

“A Semiotic Analysis of Augmentative and Alternative Communication Systems,” SEMIOTICA 107 Nos. 3/4 (1995), 209-36 (with G. Soto).

Semiosis, ‘Science,’ Silver Linings:  And Finally, Literature,” SEMIOTICA 108 Nos. 1/2 (1996), 99-127.


“Order and Chaos:  Signs, Science, Borges, Calvino.” FACE 5 No. 1 (1996), 45-71.

“From Semiotic Triangle to Tripod,” in SEMIOTICS 1995, C. W. Spinks and J. Deely (eds.), 55-64.  (Lanham:  Peter Lang, 1996).

“The Writing of Forking Paths:  Borges, Calvino and Postmodern Models of Writing.”      VARIACIONES BORGES 3 (1997), 56-68.

“Editorial:  Whither Semiotics?” in the SEMIOTIC REVIEW OF BOOKS 8, No. 1 (1997), 1-3.

“Why De We Need Peirce’s Whole Decalogue of Signs Anyway?” SEMIOTICA 114 (3/4) (1997), 193-286.

“Just Waiting (Or, Looking Back on the Lines of His Face),” VARIACIONES BORGES  4 (1997), 100-16.

“The Hole in the System.”  In Proceedings of the 1997 International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Semiotics:  A Learning Perspective.  (Gaithersburg:  NIST, 1997), 338-45.

“If Interpreters Interpret Interpretants Are Those Interpreters, Themselves, Interpretants     Interpreting Interpreters?”  CADERNOS DO CEECCS 3 (Sept. 1997), 1-14.

“Medios, signos, mensajes:  Un trío imposible,” RELACIONES:  REVISTA AL TEMA         DEL HOMBRE (Mayo, 1997), 4-8.

“Entrevista:  Floyd Merrell.”  CENTRO DE ESTUDOS PEIRCEANOS (CEPE) (30 de     Outubro, 1997), 77-79.

“Does the Life of Signs Yield a Meaningful Universe?”  SEMIOTICA 120 Nos. ¾ (1998), 311-42.

“Floyd Merrell’s Unlimited Semiosis:  Beyond Peircean Law,” SEMIOTIC SCENE 24   No. 2 (1998), 1.

“Jorge Luis Borges, C. S. Peirce, y un tiro de los dados:  Signos de nuestros tiempos,”   VARIACIONES BORGES 5 (1998), 67-85.

“¿Qué, por fin, es el signo peirceano?” SIGNA 7 (1998), 255-76.

“Quantum and Intertextual Interconnectedness,” INTERLAB:  INTERSEMIOTIC STUDIES ON HYPERMEDIA AND LABYRINTH 2, (1998), 1-18 (ONLINE:  http://www.pucsp.br/~cos-puc/interlab/indexi.htm).

“The ‘Logics’ of Semiosis:  A World Gone Strange?”  SEMIOTICA 121 (1/2) (1998), 133-65.

“The Trickster that Mistook Him/Herself for a Mask,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF        SEMIOTICS 14 (1/4) (1998), 144-56.



Semeiosis:  como acto, azar, arte, y juego infinito,” OPCIÓN 15 (29) (1999), 83-106.

“Borges and Calvino:  Chaosmos Unleashed?”  SEMIOSIS, EVOLUTION, ENERGY, ed. E. Taborsky, 173-84.

“Living Signs” SEMIOTICA 127 (1/4) (1999), 453-79.

“How ‘Real’ Can Signs Become?” INTERSEMIOTIC STUDIES ON HYPERMEDIA AND LABYRINTHS 2 (1999) (ONLINE: http://www.pucsp.br/~cos-puc/interlab/indexi.htm) (51 ms pages).

“The Travails of Writing-Reading, That is, of Textuality.”  INTERLAB:  INTER-SEMIOTIC STUDIES ON HYPERMEDIA AND LABYRINTH 2 (1999). (ONLINE:  http://www.pucsp.br/~cos-puc/interlab/indexi.htm) (32 ms pages).

“Signs, Simulacra, Ocularcentrism; Signs, Language, Linguicentrism.”  INTERLAB:  INTERSEMIOTIC STUDIES ON HYPERMEDIA AND LABYRINTH 2 (1999).  (ONLINE:  http://www.pucsp.br/~cos-puc/interlab/indexi.htm)  (37 ms pages).

“This is Semiotics?” (2000). (ONLINE [personal page]:  http://flmc.fll.purdue.edu/Semiotics/index/html (14 ms pages) (also translated into Mandarin at the same site).

“Abducting the Process of Abducting:  An Impossible Dream?” (2000).  (ONLINE:  http://www.rz.uni-frankfurt.de/~wirth/) (29 ms pages).

“Semiotics and Literary Studies.”  Electronic Encyclopedia of Charles S. Peirce” (2000). (ONLINE:  http://beta.zip.net/tr3s/peirce) (13 ms pages).

“Peirce’s Basic Classes of Signs in a Somewhat Different Vein.”  Electronic Encyclopedia of Charles S. Peirce” (2000). (ONLINE:  http://beta.zip.net/tr3s/peirce). (12 ms pages).

“Abducting Abduction.”  Electronic Encyclopedia of Charles S. Peirce (2000). (ONLINE:  http://beta.zip.net/tr3s/peirce). (18 ms pages).

“C. S. Peirce’s Semiotics:  The Impossible Study of Semiosis?”  Electronic Encyclopedia of Charles S. Peirce” (2000). (ONLINE:  http://beta.zip.net/tr3s/peirce).

“Un encuentro dialógico entre Peirce y el neo-pragmatismo.  IDEAÇÃO No. 5 (2000), 49-74.

“Heterogeny Through Homogeny:  Culture as Process” HETEROGENESIS 28 (2000), 15-32.

“Charles Sanders Peirce’s Concept of the Sign.”  THE ROUTLEDGE COMPANION TO  SEMIOTICS AND LINGUISTICS, P. Cobley (ed.), 28-39.  London:  Routledge, 2001.

“Baudrillard.”  THE ROUTLEDGE COMPANION TO SEMIOTICS AND LINGUISTICS, P. Cobley (ed.), 159-60.  London:  Routledge, 2001.

“Properly Minding the Sign.”  JOURNAL OF LITERARY SEMANTICS 30 (2001), 95-109.

“Distinctly Human Umwelt” SEMIOTICA 134 (1/4) (2001), 229-262.

“Charles Peirce y sus Signos.”  SIGNOS EN ROTACIÓN (2001), 2/3, 20-30.

“Lotman’s Semiosphere, Peirce’s Categories, and Cultural Form of Life.”  SIGN SYSTEMS STUDIES 29 (2) (2001), 385-415.

Semiosic Undertows:  The Mexican Scene and Signs of Our Times” AMERICAN  JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS 17 (2) (2001), 31-70.

“Unruly Photons:  Or, Why Can’t Colors March to the Band of Secondness?”   SEMIOTICA 135 (1/4) (2001), 7-18.

“Contextualizando la máxima pragmática del semiotista, Charles S. Peirce.”  MORPHÉ 21/22 (2001), 91-102.

“Signs, Chaos, Life.”  SEMIOTICA 138 (1/4) (2002), 43-94.

“Borges’s Realitiesies and Peirce’s Semiosis:  Our World as FablesFactsFicion.”  SEMIOTICA 140 (1/4) (2002), 117-40.

“Overdetermination, Underdetermination, Indeterminacy” (2002).  (Online:    http://icdftp.cc.purdue.edu/~fmerrell) (38 ms pages).

“Semiology meets Semiotics:  A Case of Lingering Linguicentrism?” (2002).  (Online:  http://icdftp.cc.purdue.edu/~fmerrell) (33 ms pages).

“The ‘Real,’ What We (Think We) Know About It, and Semiosic Bodymind Flows” (2002).  (Online:  http://icdftp.cc.purdue.edu/~fmerrell) (35 ms pages).

“It Becomes a Matter of the Self and Its Others” (2002).  CONUNDRUM (Online:  www.cyjack.com) (28 ms pages).

“Are We Condemned to Labyrinths?  Words and Wisdom from Jorge Luis Borges, and Others.”  VS 90 (2003), 73-97.

“A Gut Reaction” (2003).  (Online:  http://icdftp.cc.purdue.edu/~fmerrell) (28 ms pages).

“Exu:  Trickster by Default?”  TRICKSTER’S WAY (2003).  (Online:  www.tricksters.org/TrixWay) (36 ms pages).

“Iúri Lótman, C. S. Peirce, e semiose cultural.”  GALÁXIA:  REVISTA TRANSDISCIPLINAR DE COMUNICAÇÃO, SEMIÓTICA, CULTURA 5 (2003), 163-85.

“Depth Perception, Visual Images, Spacetime Borders.”  Proceedings of the Fourth Internacional Conference of Visual Images.  Seeing and Knowing:  Memory, Action, Projection, editors, A. Cid, C. Cruz, and E. Morán, 67-84.  México:  Cátedra de Semiótica, 2003.

“Neither “True” nor “False” nor Meaninglessness:  Meditation on the Pragmatics of Knowing Becoming.” PRAGMATISM AND AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY (2003).  (Online:  www.filosofia.pro.br) (24 ms pages); reprinted CONTEMPORARY PRAGMATISM (2004) 1 (1), 61-87.

 “Living Signs in a Rigidly Patterned World:  How Healthy Can It Be?”  SEMIOTICA (2004) 147 (1/4), 107-34.

“Abduction is Never Alone.”  SEMIOTICA (2004) 148 (1/4), 245-75.  This article won the ‘Mouton d’Or’ for the outstanding article publish in the journal during the year 2004.

“Signs so Constructed that They can Know Themselves.”  THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS 20 (1-4) (2004), 255-69.

“Abduction:  Between Subjectivity and Objectivity” (with Joao Queiroz).  SEMIOTICA (2005) 153 (1/4), 1-7.

“Shouldn’t We Be Surprised when We Are Not Surprised when We Are Surprised?”  SEMIOTICA (2005) 153 (1/4), 85-100.

“Cultures, Timespace, and the Border of Borders:  Posing as a Theory of Semiosic Processes”  SEMIOTICA (2005) 154 (1/4), 287-353.

“Our unruly Signs, and How We Cope with Them” OPCION 21 (46), (2005), 55-78.

“Iconicity.”  In ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS, 2nd ed., vol. 5, K. Brown (ed.), 457-62 (2005).  Elsevier:  Oxford.

“Reference:  Semiotic Theory.”  In ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS, 2nd ed., vol. 10, K. Brown (ed.), 420-27 (2005).  Elsevier:  Oxford.

“Abduction.”  In ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS, 2nd ed., vol. 1, K. Brown (ed.), 5-6 (2005).  Elsevier:  Oxford.

“On Signing Translation,”  SEMIOTICA (2005) 157 (1/4), 539-70.

“Creation:  Algorithmic, Organicist, or Emergent Metaphorical Process?.”  SEMIOTICA (2006) 161 (1/4), 119-46.

“Semiosis and Pragmatism:  Toward a Dynamic Concept of Meaning (with Joao Queiroz).”  SIGN SYSTEMS STUDIES (2006) 34 (1), 37-64.

The 2005 Thomas A. Sebeok Fellow Address:  “Chewing Gum, Ambulating, and Signing, all at the Same Time:  Or, The Magical Number Three.”  THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS (2006), 22 (1/4), 1-27.

“On Peirce’s Pragmatic Notion of Semiosis—A Contribution for the Design of Meaning Machines.”  BRAZILIAN NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL (CNPq).  June, 2007, 1-19.

“Reason and Religion:  Irremediably Incompatible Bedfellows?”  Online, 2007:  www.darmacafe.com (27 ms pages).

“Why I Believe Becoming Peircean is Preferable” SIGNS (2007), 1 (1), 1-32.

“Borges:  Between Zero and Infinity.”  JOURNAL OF ROMANCE STUDIES (2007) 7 (3), 87-101.

“Icon, Meaning, and Abductive Inference”.  SIGN SYSTEM STUDIES (with João Queiroz) (2007) 35 (2), 15-31.

“Whiteness:  It Is,… and It Ain’t,… or Is It?”  ATHANOR (2007) 12 (10), 415-33.

 “Processos semiósicos culturais de pensamento e conhecimento:  homogenia, hierogenia, heterogenia” INTERFACE (2007) 6 16-38.

“Toward a Concept of Pluralistic, Inter-relational Semiosis”.  SIGN SYSTEMS STUDIES (2007) 35 (1/2), 9-70.

“Is the Semiosic Sphere’s Center Everywhere and its Circumference Nowhere?”  SEMIOTICA (2008) 169 (1/4), 269-300.

“Life before Matter, Possible Signification before Tangible Signs:  Toward a Mediating View.”  COSMOS AND HISTORY (2008) 4 (1), 99-112.

 “Some Remarks on Bickhard and Process Metaphysics,” with João Queiroz.  CYBERNETICS AND HUMAN KNOWING (2008) 15 (3/4), 64-70.

“On Peirce’s Pragmatic Notion of Semiosis—A Contribution for the Design of Meaning Machines,” with João Queiroz.  MINDS AND MACHINES (2009) 19 (1), 129-43.

“Borges e as categorias lógico-fenomenológicas de Peirce,” with João Queiroz.  ALEA:  ESTUDOS NEOLATINOS (2008) 10 (2), 288-303.

“Lotman’s Semiosphere, Peirce’s Signs, and Cultural Processes,” RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION (2008), 1 (4), 372-400.

“Some Meditations on Cultural Borders:  Or, Where Does Chaos Come From?” SEMIÓTICA E CULTURA (forthcoming, 31 ms pages).

“Where’s Representation?”  INFORMAÇÃO & COGNIÇÃO (21 ms pages).

“Depth Perception, Visual Images, Spacetime Borders” OPCION (30 ms pages).

“La semiótica de la pragmática; la pragmática de la semiótica.”  DESIGNIS (17 ms pages).

“Meaning, Icons and Abductive Inference” (with João Queiroz and Priscila Farias).  SEMIOTICS 2006, J. Deely (ed.) (11 ms pages).

“Cultural Synethniquing:  A Semiotic Approach in a Different Key” INTERFACE (23 ms pages).

“On Terrorism, Violence, and Responsibility:  A Gut Reaction” ATHANOR (32 ms pages).

“Pluralistic but Vague, and Inter-relational but Uncertain, Meaning”.  PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ‘THEORIES OF MEANING’, Mumbai, India, February, 2007 (33 ms pages).

“Calvino, Borges, and Scientific Imagination.”  OMETECA (36 MS PAGES).

“Sign, Mind, Time, Space:  Contradictory Complementary Coalescence.”  SEMIOTICA (101 ms pages).

“Framing the Debate is More Than Mere Words.”  INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED SEMIOTICS (28 ms pages).

“Moderating Bivalent Thinking with Peirce on/in Mind.”  THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SEMIOTICS (54 ms pages).






“Clarice Lispector:  From a Process-Oriented View.”  CHASQUI (29 ms pages).

“Translation as Contradictory Complementary Convergence:  Language, Science, and Culture” (37 ms pages).






“Chaosmic Semiosis:  Or, What We Already Knew Anyway.”





I have a column of brief essays, averaging 4 double-spaced pages, in an online newsletter organized by Professor Paulo Ghiraldelli, São Paulo, Brazil:  www.filosofia.pro.br

Postings:  “Filosofia i(e)ncorporada?” (9/13/04).






Over three hundred, on Spanish American literature, critical theory, literary theory, semiotic theory, and Peirce studies, in the United States, Canada, Cuba, México, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Spain, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and France.