Emperor Tiberius 14-37 AD
F. B. Marsh, The Reign of Tiberius; C.E. Smith, Tiberius; R.S. Rogers, Studies in the Reign of Tiberius, Criminal Trials and Criminal Legislation under Tiberius.
Ø M. Claudius Marcellus (son of Octavia), married Julia, died in 23 BC
Ø M. Vipsanius Agrippa married Julia, died 12 BC, produced sons Gaius and Lucius; they died 2 AD, 4 AD respectively
Ø Agrippa Postumus was banished in 7 AD
Livia - produced
Tiberius Claudius Nero and Drusus Nero. Drusus died on campaign in
Ø Julia was exiled to Pandataria in 2 BC
Ø Tiberius received tribunician potestas in 4 AD, promoted to colleague of Augustus in 12 AD
Ø Augustus died 14 AD, 13 times consul, 21 times imperator, 37 years with tribunician potestas
REIGN OF TIBERIUS
1. Problems with Succession – Tiberius ascended to the throne in 14 AD at age 54 and reigned for 23 years. Death of Livia, 29 AD. Two “Claudian” emperors, Tiberius and Claudius, both ascensions were greeted by military revolts; two “Julian” emperors, Gaius and Nero, though unfit for rule, succeeded to the throne without incident.
2. Germanicus on the Rhine, rival to the throne, beloved by Roman public as a Julian
3. Treason Trials – 22 years, 52 persons were accused of treason; ½ escaped conviction; 4 innocent persons were condemned to death, none by Tiberius, of the 12 executed, Tiberius ordered 8. delatores
of Cn. Calpurnius Piso, governor of
5. Conspiracy of L. Aelius Sejanus, sole praetorian prefect, Eques, 23 AD Drusus, Tiberius’ son, died, poisoned by his wife Livilla, who was mistress to Sejanus;
Velleius Paterculus, at Tiberius’ death in 37 AD, HS 3Billion
Maiestas – basis for treason trials.